degenerate codons

degenerate codons
вырожденные кодоны

English-Russian Biotechnology Glossary. . 2007.

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  • degenerate — 1. adjective a) (of qualities) having deteriorated, degraded or fallen from normal, coherent, balanced and desirable to an undesirable and typically abnormal The genetic code is degenerate because a single amino acid can be coded by one of… …   Wiktionary

  • degenerate primer — A single stranded synthetic oligonucleotide designed to hybridize to DNA encoding a particular protein sequence. As the mapping of codons to amino acids is many to one, the oligonucleotide must be made as a mixture with several different bases at …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • Genetic code — A series of codons in part of a messenger RNA (mRNA) molecule. Each codon consists of three nucleotides, usually representing a single amino acid. The nucleotides are abbreviated with the letters A, U, G and C. This is mRNA, which uses U (uracil) …   Wikipedia

  • Chemical biology — is a scientific discipline spanning the fields of chemistry and biology that involves the application of chemical techniques and tools, often compounds produced through synthetic chemistry, to the study and manipulation of biological systems.… …   Wikipedia

  • Codon usage bias — refers to differences in the frequency of occurrence of synonymous codons in coding DNA. A codon is a series of three nucleotides (triplets) that encodes a specific amino acid residue in a polypeptide chain or for the termination of translation… …   Wikipedia

  • Nirenberg and Matthaei experiment — The Nirenberg and Matthaei experiment was a scientific experiment performed on May 15, 1961, by Marshall W. Nirenberg and his post doctoral fellow, Heinrich J. Matthaei. The experiment cracked the genetic code by using nucleic acid homopolymers… …   Wikipedia

  • genetic code — the biochemical instructions that translate the genetic information present as a linear sequence of nucleotide triplets in messenger RNA into the correct linear sequence of amino acids for the synthesis of a particular peptide chain or protein.… …   Universalium

  • Nirenberg and Leder experiment — Marshall Nirenberg The Nirenberg and Leder experiment was a scientific experiment performed in 1964 by Marshall W. Nirenberg and Philip Leder. The experiment elucidated the triplet nature of the genetic code and allowed the remaining ambiguities… …   Wikipedia

  • DNA — For a non technical introduction to the topic, see Introduction to genetics. For other uses, see DNA (disambiguation). The structure of the DNA double helix. The atoms in the structure are colour coded by element and the detailed structure of two …   Wikipedia

  • Marshall Warren Nirenberg — Born April 10, 1927 New York C …   Wikipedia

  • Primer (molecular biology) — A primer is a strand of nucleic acid that serves as a starting point for DNA synthesis. They are required for DNA replication because the enzymes that catalyze this process, DNA polymerases, can only add new nucleotides to an existing strand of… …   Wikipedia


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